Lesson 1. Learn about the beginnings of the U.S.
 1607  first permanent English colony at Jamestown, Virgina (They grew tobacco to be sold in Europe)
 1620  second permanent English colony at Plymouth by the Pilgrims (They wanted to practice their religion)
 1750  thirteen colonies (Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Work, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carlina and Virginia) 
 1773  the Boston Tea Party (because of a very high tax) 
 1774  a meeting in Philadelphia (They wrote to the king of England to complain about the unjust British law.)
 1775  The Revolutionary War (General George Washington leading the Continental Army)
 1776, July 4  adopted the Declaration of Independence 
 1783  Great Britain agreed the thirteen colonies as free and independent states.
 1787  The thirteen representatives met in Philadelphia and wrote the Constitution.

* History of Street

Lesson 2. Discuss the early history of the U.S.
* The Past Perfect
By 1750, more than 1 million settlers had made the colonies their new homes
By the time the Pilgrims arrived, immigrants to Jamestown had already established a successful colony.
When Jamestown was established, the Pilgrims had not yet come to North America.

* Use the Past Perfect
- To indicate that something happened before a specific time, event, or action in the past
- With already, yet, and just to emphasize which event came first
- With by + a certain time to indicate the order in which two events happened
- With past tiem clauses beginning with by the time, before, and when

* Meaning : an action completed in the past before / by the time of another past action
* Usage
 - relationship of events in the past [chronology]
 - past unreal conditionals : If Maria had drunk move water that night, she wouldn't have had a hangover the next day.
 - subjunctive : I wish I had eaten ice cream for breakfast.

Lesson 3. Show how the U.S. government works
* The U.S. Constitution
 The Constitution describes the organization of the federal government into three branches: the legislative, the executive, and the judicial branches

 - The Legislative Branch(Congress)
Senate(Senior Senators(100 persons), Junior Senators) 
the House of Representatives(depends on populations)
 - The Executive Branch
President("Commander in Chief") 
Vice President
Cabinet(the secretary of state, the secretary of treasury, the secretary of defense or and so on)
The Cabinet is a group of the most senior ministers in a government, who meet regularly to discuss policies.
 - The Judicial Branch
Supreme Court
Federal courts
State courts
Local courts

 No single branch can become too powerful through a system of "checks and balances".

Lesson 4. Recognize individual rights in the Constitution
* Some Protections from the Bill of Rights
 - First Amendment
the rights to freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of peacefully assemble (in order to discuss or protest something), and freedom to petition the government (to formally ask for a change)
 - Second Amendment
the right of people to bear arms or carry guns
 - Third and Fourth Amendment
limit physical intrusions by the government
 - Fifth Amendment
the right not to testify against him- or herself
"to plead the fifth" or "to take the fifth"
 - Sixth Amendment
the right to an attorney and a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury
 - Seventh Amendment
a accused person is given a trial by an unbiased jury.
 - Eighth Amendment
a criminal doesn't have to pay extremely high bail or fines, or receive cruel and unusual punishment.
 - Ninth Amendment
other rights even if there rights are not stated directly in the Constitution
 - Tenth Amendment
the people or the states any power not given to the federal government by the Constitution.

Lesson 5. Discuss how a bill becomes a law
Idea (from anyone)
enough people singed
Congress Person
Sponsor as a bill
Committee(discuss the bill)
Full House(either senator or house representative)
the other part of congress
1) Approved
1) Signed -> Approved
2) Veto
1) reform
2) abandon
3) override veto (2/3 majority)
2) rejected
back to committee for revision

Lesson 6. Learn about the benefits of U.S. citizenship
* What are the benefits of U.S. Citizenship?
Bringing family members to the United States.
Obtaining citizenship for children born abroad.
Traveling with a U.S.. passport.
Becoming eligible for federal jobs.
Becoming an elected official.
Showing your patriotism.

Lesson 7. Discuss becoming a U.S. citizen
* to apply for citizenship
1) Full out documents for United States Citizenship and Immigration Services
2) interview with a USCIC official
- civics test : U.S. government and U.S. history
3) Requirements for citizenship
at least 18 years old
residency requirement. I-551 card(Green card)
physically present for thirty months during five years
good moral character
the idea expressed in the United States Constitution and support them
Language required
Knowledge of the government and history of the United States
Oath of Allegiance

Lesson 8. Interpret historical maps of the U.S.

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